عنوان مقاله [English]
A comprehensive understanding of the strategies of proximity of denominations is necessary for a comprehensive، up-to-date and efficient strategic design to achieve Islamic unity and the formation of a united civilization. Therefore، the present research was conducted to review and present the achievements of the researches carried out on the topic of "Strategies of proximity among Islamic denominations" from 2011 to 2022 using a systematic review method. By searching in the important databases of the Islamic world and using "Prisma", a guide for reporting the study of review articles, finally 13 articles were selected for research. From the studied researches، five main strategies including scientific, cultural, political, economic and de-escalation were obtained for the proximity of Islamic denominations, which are based on policies and principles, requirements, conditions and obstacles, practical solutions and proximity goals. The road map in the de-escalation strategy is drawn in such a way that effective interaction and communication, avoidance of inappropriate speech and behavior, fighting against bigotry and divisive factors are taken into consideration. In the scientific strategy، the most attention is paid to the design of the intellectual system and the communication of the seminary-university scientific community using tools such as establishing an international university, writing and publishing encyclopedias and scientific journals. As in the cultural strategy, the strengthening of the cultural system among Islamic religions is considered by the organizations such as the World Forum of the proximity for Islamic denominations and as in the political-economic strategy, the relationship between Islamic states and their joint interactions as well as the destruction of Israel are taken into accounts then a comprehensive and up-to-date strategy is presented by combining the five strategies.